Purpose Active Ingredient
Risperdal, Ridal, Sizodon, Riscalin, Rispolept, Belivon, Rispen
Uses of Risperdal
Risperidone, used to treat specific mental disorders is a medication that not just helps you with the thinking process but allows clear functioning of your brain daily. Popularly known as a psychiatric medicine, Risperidone functions by restoring a balance of natural substances existing in your brain.
Additional uses of Risperdal
In this section, you get a detailing on the use of this medicine that isn’t listed in the specialized labeling with the drug but might be advised by your doctor of pharmacist. You can use this medicine for physical state listed here but only if your health care provider has prescribed so.
Used for treating dementia behavior like aggressiveness, anxiety, Risperidone has succeeded when other standard treatments failed like behavioral therapy, etc failed to treat the victimized. However, it is advisable to consume this drug only for mental conditions that it has been prescribed for.
Method of using Risperdal
You can take this medicine by mouth with food of without food, but exactly as prescribed by the doctor. For few starting days, your doctor may increase your dosage thus adjusting your body to this medicine.
On taking this medicine in liquid form, keep a separate measuring device to measure the dose before you actually consume it. Avoid using a domestic spoon as it doesn’t always give you the correct measurement of a dose.
The dose of this medicine is prescribed depending on your mental condition and adjustment to the treatment. When you start feeling better and have started to think clearly, do not stop the medication on your own. Avoid increasing the dose of this medicine without informing the doctor. By taking this drug more often, your mental condition isn’t likely to improve at a faster rate but you may have to bear the side effects of Risperidone. So, avoid stopping this medicine without consulting the doctor.
If you want to benefit out of this medicine, it is advisable to take this medicine at same hours on each day. Consult your health care provider if there isn’t any improvement in your condition and it keeps worsening.
Side effects of Risperdal
Some of the side effects of this medicine are:
- Nausea and drowsiness
- Dry skin
- Sleeping disorder
- Increase in appetite
- Running nose
- Gain of weight
- Difficulty at concentration
- State of nervousness
- Decreased sexual desire
To lessen giddiness and nausea, rise up slowly from a lying state or a seat. However, many people may not have any severe side effects; remember to take the medicine as prescribed by your doctor because he knows what is going to benefit you in a greater way than risking you on the side effects.
If you face any of the side effects mentioned below, inform your doctor right away:
- Fast or abnormal heartbeat
- Stiffness and twitching of muscle
- Excessive sweating
- Falling more often
- Mood swings
- Difficulty at swallowing
- Unrestrained movement of the muscle
Call for immediate medical help if you bear severe side effects like confusion, pain in the chest, lack of sensation in face, legs or arms, inaudible speech, breast lump, irregular urination, sudden change in vision and one-sided body weakness.
In rare cases, this medicine increases the blood level of specific hormones. Increase in the level of prolactin in female may lead to stoppage of menstruation, difficulty at conceiving and unexpected breast milk. However, in males this medication may decrease the sexual urge, enlarged breast and difficulty at producing sperms. If you face any of these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
This medicine may raise the level of your blood sugar infrequently, thus leading to worse state of diabetes. The high level of blood sugar may result in diabetic coma. So, inform your doctor if you notice symptoms of increased blood sugar which are enhanced urination and feeling of thirst. Check the level of blood constantly if you are already suffering of diabetes.
This medicine may cause gain in weight and raised level of cholesterol in the blood. Besides diabetes, these side effects may increase the chance of heart disease. So, discuss the advantages and risks of this drug with your health care provider.
If males experience hurting erection for more than 4 hours, they must immediately stop the medicine and seek medical advice or else this problem may occur permanently. Risperidone do not cause severe allergic reaction but you must call for medical assistance right away if you face symptoms like swelling, breathing difficulty, rashes, and dizziness.
As this isn’t a complete list of side effects, contact your health care provider if you notice any other side effect beside these.
Precautions with Risperdal
Inform you doctor in advance if you are allergic to risperidone and have other allergies beside this. Before you take this drug, tell your pharmacist or doctor about your medical record mainly related to liver and kidney diseases, breast cancer, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, low level of blood pressure, cerebrovascular disease, problem at swallowing, seizures and dehydration.
Inform your doctor if anyone in your family has suffered of obesity, heart disease, high level of blood cholesterol, diabetes and increased blood pressure. This medicine often turns you drowsy so be cautious during activities like driving and working on machine, that needs alertness. Try and avoid any sort of alcoholic drinks during medication.
As this drug lowers sweating, you may suffer a heatstroke if your body gets overheated during any sort of physical activity or under hot climate. It is advisable to consume liquid in large quantity to avoid heatstroke.
You must be highly careful if an elderly person consumes this medicine as they are more sensitive to certain effects like decreased blood pressure. Discuss the advantages and demerits of this medicine during pregnancy with your doctor. As risperidone mixes with breast milk, you must not breast-feed a baby when you are under treatment.
Warnings associated with Risperdal
When elderly patients suffering of dementia are treated with this medicine, there might be a slight risk of severe side effects like heart failure or a stroke. So, discuss with your doctor about the advantages and risk of this medicine and its possible effect on people suffering of dementia.
Interactions of Risperdal
As your doctor may already know about the possible interaction of this drug, you are likely to be guided about it. So, do not change or start the dose without the knowledge of the doctor.
Do not consume this medicine with sibutramine as it may lead to serious side effect. Tell your doctor in advance if you are taking this medicine. Inform him if you have been taking any prescribed and non-prescribed medicines, and herbal supplements, antidepressants, Parkinson’s disease medication, or medicines for increased blood pressure.
Inform your doctor of all the medicines like quinidine, sparfloxacin, procainamide, dofetilide, thioridazine, pimozide and sotalol that may influence the rhythm of the heart. The QTc prolongation often results in severe heartbeats. So, talk to your doctor if you may stop any QTC prolonged medicine that you may have been using to minimize the chance of this fatal effect.
Inform your drug if you consume any of the following medicines that lead to drowsiness:
- Sedatives or the sleeping drugs
- Diazepam, medicines for anti-anxiety
- Codeine, pain relievers for narcotic disease
- Phenothiazines, medicine for psychiatric problems
- Antihistamines resulting in drowsiness
- Muscle relaxants
- Carbamazepine, an anti-seizure medicine
Do not forget to read through the labels of all medicines that contain ingredients for drowsiness. Consult your pharmacist if those drugs are safe for consumption.
As this section does not cover all the interactions, talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are using any other product beside these. Prepare a list on medicines you are taking and show it your doctor.
An overdose of Risperdal
If you suspect an overdose, contact the emergency room of the poison control office right away. Some symptoms of an overdose are unconsciousness, stiffness in limb, face or neck, faintness, seizures, drowsiness, rapid heartbeat, abnormal muscle movement and tremor.
Avoid sharing this medicine with others. Medical test must be periodically done to monitor the progress or side effects of this treatment. Get enhanced information from your doctor.
If you miss a dose
Try and be regular with your medicine. But, if you miss a dose, take it at the moment you remember it. In case of nearing another dose, it is better to leave the missed dose and come to your normal scheduling. Do not take an overdose of this medicine.
Store this drug away from direct light as well as moisture. Keep it at room temperature but not in the bathroom. Put it far from the reach of pets and children. Avoid flushing or pouring this medicine into the drain if not instructed. Discard it with care when it gets expired. Consult your nearest waste disposal office or pharmacist about safe ways of discarding this medicine.