Purpose Active Ingredient
Bronchodilator salbutamol sulfate
Salbutamol, Albuterol, Ventolin Rotacaps, Aerolin, Ventorlin, Asthalin, Proventil, ProAir
Salbutamol is a bronchodilator prescribed for treating breathing disorders including asthma, chronic bronchitis and others. It opens the airways and makes breathing easier.
How to use Salbutamol
Sometimes your doctor may prescribe Salbutamol for disorders other than listed in drug information articles. Consult your doctor if you are not sure why you have been prescribed this drug. Also, please do not discontinue this drug without consulting your doctor. Do not use this drug if you are allergic to any of the ingredients or if you have an abnormally fast heart rate.
For asthma patients, in compliance to the present asthma treating practice, anti-inflammatory medications therapy (e.g., corticosteroids such as budesonide, inhaled beclomethasone, or fluticasone) needs to be a part of the regimen if salbutamol requires to be taken on a daily basis. If asthma becomes worse (you need to use salbutamol more often, or it stops working) call the doctor for further instruction. If your body fails to respond even after 3 hours of an effective dose of salbutamol, then the asthma condition might be getting worse and your healthcare provider should be called up immediately. Increasing the use of fast-acting inhalers like salbutamol for controlling symptoms is generally a sign of critical asthma.
Pregnant women should take Salbutamol only if the anticipated benefits exceed possible risks. This is because there is less research available about the drug’s effects on pregnant women and of its safety in the early stages of pregnancy. Also, since salbutamol is excreted in breast milk, decision must be taken whether to discontinue nursing or to stop the medication, considering the impact of the drug on the mother. It is not known if salbutamol in breast milk harms the infant.
If you have diabetes you should be careful about the dosage because Salbutamol can bring about reversible high blood glucose during nebulized administration. So, you should monitor blood glucose carefully.
The following drugs may affect the working of Salbutamol in the body:
- monoamine oxidase inhibitors (e.g., tranylcypromine, phenelzine, moclobemide)
- tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., desipramine, amitriptyline, nortriptyline)
- other brochodilators (e.g., salmeterol, terbutaline)
- beta-blockers (e.g., atenolol, propranolol)
- certain diuretics (e.g., hydrochlorothiazide)
If you are having any of the medicines mentioned above, please check with your doctor. She or he may stop the medications, or alter the medications, or change the dosage of one or both medicines, or leave everything unchanged. If you take any other medicine, other than listed above, inform your doctor or prescriber about all prescription and non-prescription drugs, herbal medications, and supplements that you might be taking. Also let your prescriber know if you consume alcohol, caffeine, the nicotine from cigarettes, or even street drugs which affect the action of many medicines.
Salbutamol side effects
Salbutamol typically does not produce side effects. But if you are concerned about possible side effects, please consult a doctor before ingesting this drug. Some minor reactions like nervousness and tremors (shakiness) and dry throat irritations may occur till your body adjusts to the new medicine; but you should see a doctor if they continue to bother you. In case of headache, palpitations, fast heartbeat, temporary muscle cramps, insomnia, weakness, nausea, dizziness (less commonly seen) and drowsiness, flushing, irritability, restlessness, chest discomfort or pain, difficulty urinating, dizziness, increased blood pressure, vomiting, increased alertness or hyperactivity, unusual taste in mouth (rarely seen), you should see your doctor as soon as possible. You should seek emergency medical attention if you experience hives with swelling of lips, face, or throat, difficulty breathing (very rare). Finally, see your doctor if you experience anything not listed here that bothers you while taking the medicine.